Yeast Infection Treatment & Prevention

Simple ways to treat and prevent yeast infections

Dealing with your yeast infection shouldn't interrupt your everyday life.

How are yeast infections treated?

Although yeast infections can be unpleasant, treating them can be quite simple.

For most yeast infections, the treatment of choice is an antifungal medication from a family of medications called the azoles. These come available in many different forms and dosing regimens to suit your individual preference, most of which can be obtained without a prescription. They include:

  • Oral capsules such as DIFLUCAN ONE (fluconazole)
  • External or vaginal creams and ointments (clotrimazole, miconazole, tioconazole or butoconazole)
  • Vaginal suppositories, ovules and tablets (clotrimazole or miconazole)

Some treatments start to work with just one dose, while others need to be taken over several days to cure a yeast infection. If you're not sure which treatment is right for you, speak with your doctor or pharmacist.

Did you know?

The most common side effects in clinical studies were headache, nausea, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Most reported side effects were mild to moderate in nature. Stop use and contact a doctor or pharmacist if you: develop skin eruptions, experience new rash or irritations or allergy symptoms such as hives. Rarely, severe allergic reactions (swelling of face, eyes, mouth, hands and feet) can occur.

Not all yeast infections are treated the same

While the large majority of women can safely treat their yeast infection on their own with a non-prescription medication, treatment may differ in special groups of women, including:

  • Pregnant women: Do not use if you are pregnant or trying to become pregnant, nursing, allergic to fluconazole (and related compounds e.g. clotrimazole/miconazole) or other ingredients in this formulation or are taking allergy medications such as astemizole, terfenadine or cisapride*. There have been reports of spontaneous abortion of the fetus or birth defects. If you could become pregnant while taking this medicine, you should consider using a reliable means of contraception for approximately 1 week after the dose. If you become pregnant while taking this medicine, contact your doctor.
  • First-time yeast infection sufferers: Since it's easy to confuse a yeast infection with another, possibly more serious condition. Talk to your doctor if you are having your first yeast infection
  • Women with underlying medical conditions like diabetes or HIV: These conditions may require a longer course of treatment.

*Not marketed in Canada.

Ask a doctor before use if you have not been previously diagnosed by a doctor for the symptoms of a yeast infection, which include itching and burning of the vagina and sometimes discharge, or you are at increased risk for sexually transmitted diseases or change partners frequently, or you have abdominal pain, fever, or foul smelling discharge before or during the use of DIFLUCAN ONE.

What else can I do for relief?

During treatment, you can take some simple steps to relieve your symptoms and prevent irritation, such as:

  • Avoid using soap and rinse only with warm water.
  • Refrain from sexual intercourse to avoid additional discomfort or potentially infecting your partner.
How do I reduce the risk of having yeast infections come back?

It’s important to know what conditions can make yeast infection more likely to occur. These conditions include:

  • illness
  • use of antibiotics
  • changes in hormone levels
  • pregnancy
  • use of oral contraceptive pills
  • just before a woman's period
  • diabetes
  • hot humid weather
  • continuous use of panty liners
  • tight, non-breathing clothing
  • nylon underwear, pantyhose, wet bathing suits or damp workout wear
  • perfumed soaps, bubble baths or douching may cause vaginal irritation and upset the normal balance

Refrain from vaginal intercourse when you have a yeast infection to avoid infecting your partner and to minimize additional discomfort. If your partner has any genital itching, redness or discomfort, they should talk to their doctor and mention that you are treating a yeast infection.

Remember if you have a second yeast infection in less than 2 months after treating a prior infection, you should see your doctor.